Mosaic / Millefiori beads
size of this bead:22,5 x 20,5mm Antique bead East Java, indonesia. 6th/9th century AD. Jatim bead, glass. Made in the Hindu Javanese period(http://www.asiarecipe.com/indohishindu.html), pre Islamic. Mistakenly called Majapahit beads by some people, the Majapahit Kingdom was in a later period.See for more info on Majapahit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Majapahit Many of these beads have been found in the East of Java, both surface finds and excavated. They also have been found in Megalitc stone graves.In indonesia they are called manik-manik Jatim. wich means beads from east Java. Jamey Allen (with Sumarah Adhyatman) has written about them in his book Magical ancient beads.http://books.google.com/books?id=dWuVjXZemO4C&printsec=frontcover&hl=nl&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false It is one of the few books about (amongst others) old Indonesian beads. As he mentions in his book most beads are made in the millefiore technique. A cane with millefiore design, surrounded by the same colour as the base of the bead is applied on the still hot core of the bead, thereby "melting" the outside colour so that only the design is still visible . Another good, if not the best source, is the book called "manik manik di Indonesia". Written in 1993 by Sumarah Adhyatman, co-, wrighter of Magical ancient beads, and Redjeki Arifin.The book manik manik di indonesia is a collectors-item by itself. This is as far as i know the only book that only handles old indonesian beads.
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